Mark Hillman, Ph.D., (Psy) LMHC
Bipolar Disorder is a disorder that causes unpredictable mood swings. People who are bipolar go from an emotional high (known as mania) to a low (known as depression). The disease cycles between these highs and lows. This can seriously affect a person's relationships with family and friends, and lead to problems with education or work.
During the manicky phase of this disorder, the patient may show excessive, unwarranted excitement or silliness,carrying jokes too far. They may also show poor judgment and recklessness and may be argumentative. Manics may speak rapidly, have unrealistic ideas, and jump from subject to subject. They may not be able to sleep or sit still for very long. These symptoms are predominant for a specific period of time lasting for a few days or even a few months.
The other side of the bipolar coin is the depressive episode. Bipolar depressed patients often sleep more than usual and are lethargic. This contrasts with those with major depression, who usually have trouble sleeping and are agitated. During bipolar depressive episodes, a patient may also show irritability and withdrawal.
MANIA - A person in this phase of BD may:
DEPRESSION - A person in this phase of BD may: